A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.
A utility innovation is an exclusive right granted for a "minor" invention which does not require to satisfy the test of inventiveness as required of a patent.
Any person may make an application for a patent or for a utility innovation either alone or jointly with another person. The word "person" is not limited to natural persons and thus also includes, for example, a company.
An applicant must file a patent or utility innovation application with the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia which will assess whether it meets the requirements of the Patents Act 1983.
A patent or utility innovation protection gives the owner of the patent/utility innovation the exclusive right to stop others from manufacturing, using and/or selling the owner's invention in Malaysia without the owner's consent or permission.
A patent is protected 20 years from the date of filing and a utility innovation is protected 10 + 5 + 5 years from the date of filing subject to use.
  • For reasons of national interest and security, any Malaysian resident wishing to apply for a patent or certificate protection outside Malaysia must first seek written authority from the Registrar. However, written authority is not required if a corresponding Malaysian patent/certificate has been applied for, and a period of at least two months has elapsed since filing.
  • Section 62A : Contravention of Section 23A is an offence and is punishable (upon conviction) by a fine not exceeding 15,000 ringgit or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.
  • Discoveries, scientific theories and mathematical methods;
  • Plant or animal varieties or essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals, other than man-made living micro- organisms, micro-biological processes and the products of such micro-organism processes;
  • Schemes, rules or methods for doing business, performing purely mental acts or playing games;
  • Methods for the treatment of human or animal body by surgery or therapy, and diagnostic methods practiced on the human or animal body.
For a patent to be granted an invention must be :
  • new, which means that the invention has not been publicly disclosed in any form, anywhere in the world;
  • involve an inventive step, that is to say the invention must not be obvious to someone with knowledge and experience in the technological field of the invention; and
  • industrially applicable, meaning it can be mass produced.

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Innovation and Commercialisation Centre (ICC)

Universiti Utara Malaysia

06010 Sintok

Kedah, Malaysia

 

Tel: +604-928 8751/8755

E-mail: inovasi@uum.edu.my

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